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Abstract: This paper assesses the quantitative importance of a number of sources of income risk for household welfare and precautionary saving. To that end I construct a lifecycle consumption model in which household income is subject to shocks associated with disability, health, unemployment, job More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: I identify and quantify the mortgage supply effect of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), a law mandating that banks help provide credit in lower-income neighborhoods, by exploiting a discontinuity in the selection rule determining which census tracts CRA targets. Using a comprehensive More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: We examine 401(k) borrowing since 1992 and identify a puzzle: despite potential gains from borrowing against 401(k) assets instead of from other sources, most eligible households eschew 401(k) loans, including many who carry relatively expensive balances on credit cards and auto loans. We More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: We explore the types of data used to characterize risky subprime lending and consider the geographic dispersion of subprime lending. First, we describe the strengths and weaknesses of three different datasets on subprime mortgages using information from LoanPerformance, HUD, and HMDA. More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: Recently, U.S. households have committed a rising share of disposable personal income to required principal and interest payments on household debt. Studies of the direct link between the household debt service ratio (DSR) and consumption show mixed results—perhaps because debt may More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: This study revisits the empirical question of the determinants of the choice between fixed and adjustable-rate mortgages using more comprehensive data from the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) that overcome some of the data limitations in previous studies. The results from a Logit model More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: The ratio of total household debt to aggregate personal income in the United States has risen from an average of 0.6 in the 1980s to an average of 1.0 so far this decade. In this paper we explore the causes and consequences of this dramatic increase. Demographic shifts, house price More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: In this paper, we present estimates of the disposition of the free cash generated by home equity extraction to finance consumer spending, outlays for home improvements, debt repayment, acquisition of assets, and other uses. We estimate free cash as cash available net of closing costs and More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: To assess whether homeowners know their house values and mortgage terms, we compare the distributions of these variables in the household-reported 2001 Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) to the distributions in lender-reported data. We also examine the share of SCF respondents who report More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: I test the credit-market effects of housing wealth shocks by estimating the consumption elasticity of house price shocks among households in different age quintiles. Younger households face faster expected income growth and hence would like to borrow more than older households. I estimate More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012