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Abstract: This paper demonstrates the important role of job displacement in the household bankruptcy decision. I develop a dynamic, forward-looking model of unemployment and bankruptcy where persistent negative income shocks increase a household's likelihood of filing for bankruptcy both More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: This paper assesses the quantitative importance of a number of sources of income risk for household welfare and precautionary saving. To that end I construct a lifecycle consumption model in which household income is subject to shocks associated with disability, health, unemployment, job More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: Recently, U.S. households have committed a rising share of disposable personal income to required principal and interest payments on household debt. Studies of the direct link between the household debt service ratio (DSR) and consumption show mixed results—perhaps because debt may More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: The ratio of total household debt to aggregate personal income in the United States has risen from an average of 0.6 in the 1980s to an average of 1.0 so far this decade. In this paper we explore the causes and consequences of this dramatic increase. Demographic shifts, house price More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
Abstract: It is well accepted that households increase consumption of goods and services in response to an unexpected increase in wealth. Consensus estimates of this wealth effect are in the range of 3 to 5 cents of additional consumption spending in the long run for each additional dollar of More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
We present new experimental evidence on heterogeneity in the formation of inflation expectations and relate the variation to economic literacy and demographics. The experimental design allows us to investigate two channels through which expectations-formation may vary across individuals: (1) the More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
This paper presents a dynamic model of the decision to pursue a college education in which students face uncertainty about their future income stream after graduation due to unobserved heterogeneity in their innate scholastic ability. After students matriculate and start taking exams, they More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
This paper examines whether rising house prices immediately prior to children entering their college years impacts their intergenerational earnings mobility and/or educational outcomes. Higher house prices provide homeowners, especially liquidity constrained ones, with additional funding to invest More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Working paper
Date: 3/27/2012
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act mandated that GAO study the oversight of financial planners. This report examines (1) how financial planners are regulated and overseen at the federal and state levels, (2) what is known about the effectiveness of this regulation, and More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Report
Date: 3/27/2012
Using credit report records and data collected from several household surveys, we analyze changes in household debt and saving during the 2007 recession. We find that, while different segments of the population were affected in distinct ways, depending on whether they owned a home, whether they More information...
Audience: Researcher
Type of Resource: Report
Date: 3/28/2012